ICARP is an Arctic Science Conference, convened periodically by IASC and its partners to identify key scientific questions and issues:
- ICARP I, held in Hanover NH 1995, reviewed the state of Arctic science and resulted in a series of IASC-supported research projects;
- ICARP II, held in Copenhagen 2005, developed twelve forward-looking science plans and resulted in several follow-up international projects and programs, mostly within the framework of the International Polar Year 2007-2008.
Ten years after ICARP II, the scientific, political and economic interest in the Arctic is rapidly growing and many new Arctic and Polar research programs require a better coordination in order to ensure the best value for funds spent. Thus, agreeing on shared objectives, across all eight Arctic states and with other countries and international programs is becoming increasingly important. Consequently, IASC initiated the planning of a third ICARP to be held in conjunctions with its 25th anniversary in 2015. The development of ICARP III was specifically identified as a cooperative activity in the agreement between IASC and the International Arctic Social Science Association (IASSA) and University of the Arctic (UArctic).